Thursday, September 23, 2010


My Article from this week's Algona Upper Des Moines about Forgiveness:

Q:  How can we forgive someone who has wronged us if that person is not around, has left us, or has died?  Also, what if even after we have forgiven, we still remember or have bad feelings about what happened?

Even though forgiveness is a central concept to Christianity, it is often one of the most misunderstood aspects of Christian teaching.  Many Christians feel guilt because they feel they have not forgiven as they should, but this guilt is typically not necessary.

The concept of forgiveness actually originates in the financial world.  Forgiveness occurs when a debt is cancelled by the lender, with the result that the borrower is no longer required to repay the debt.  The primary usage of forgiveness in the Bible is as a description of what God does for us.  Because of our sin, it is as if we owe Him a debt that we are unable to repay.  Because Jesus paid the debt for all sin by His crucifixion, God forgives that debt to all who trust in Jesus.

Accordingly, when a person sins against us, it is as if they are indebted to us.  When we forgive, we are forfeiting our right to claim payment for that debt.  By forgiving, we release our claim to repayment or revenge against the person who wronged us, and leave the matter to be dealt with between them and God.

Our society often combines the acts of forgiving a sin and forgetting it.  However, to the best of my knowledge, Scripture never commands Christians to forget their neighbors’ sins--only to forgive them.  Our minds simply aren't capable of forgetting something at will, especially in cases where that event has been traumatic or highly stressful.  Additionally, there are many instances where forgetting a particular sin could be quite dangerous, because it would leave a person at risk for loss or injury. (for example, an abusive spouse or a dishonest employee).

Additionally, our society also tends to combine the concepts of forgiveness and reconciliation, while this is not always the case in Scripture.  When we forgive, we give up our right to repay a sin or take revenge for it, but it does not always mean that the relationship becomes completely reconciled to its former state.  For example, it may be necessary for a wife not to reconcile with an abusive husband for the sake of her children, even though she forgives his sin against her.  Or it may be completely appropriate for an employer to terminate a dishonest worker, even though he forgives the sin of theft.

Likewise, forgiveness does not mean that one gives up legal recourse against the person.  For the safety of our neighbors and society, someone such as a victim of assault should not hesitate to testify against her attacker in court, even after she has forgiven his sin.

In light of these things, it is not necessary that a person be present in order to forgive them.  If you have abandoned the desire to repay that sin or to seek revenge and have left it to be judged against that person by God, you have done what is necessary to forgive them.  It is certainly good when forgiveness can be expressed verbally to the other party, but when that is not possible, forgiveness can occur anyway.

The same idea would apply for forgiving a person who has died.  Even if we failed to forgive them during their physical life, their eternal condition is determined by their trust in Jesus (or lack thereof), and not by whether those they wronged in their life have forgiven them.

Our own spiritual condition is similarly determined, not by our own actions (even the action of forgiving others), but based on whether or not we trust Jesus to forgive our sins.  Our forgiveness of others is not the cause of God's forgiving us.  Instead, Christians forgive others as a result of having first received forgiveness from God.  Even if our forgiveness is imperfect, we rely on His actions, and not our own as the bases for our salvation, and we daily seek to live our lives in light of that forgiveness, which includes our desire and effort to forgive those who have sinned against us.

Thursday, September 9, 2010

Does Baptism Save?

My article from today's Algona Upper Des Moines about Baptismal Regeneration:

Q: You mentioned in a previous article that Lutherans believe that Baptism saves and forgives sins. How does this fit with the Lutheran belief that people are saved by “grace alone”? Does saying that Baptism saves imply that it can do so apart from Christ or that it must be added to Christ?

Lutherans do believe that God forgives and saves through Baptism, but, if there were to be a multiple choice test where the answers were A) Baptism saves apart from Christ, and B) Baptism saves in addition to Christ, a Lutheran would have to mark "None of the Above." As is typical of Lutherans, the answer isn't just a third option, but resides in a completely different paradigm.

Most people are familiar with the three Reformation slogans, "grace alone," "faith alone," and "Scripture alone." The fourth, which is often overlooked, is "Christ alone." This principle makes salvation apart from Christ or by anything added to Christ impossible for a Lutheran, since Lutheranism can neither propose a salvation apart from Christ nor can it require anything in addition to Christ as a condition of salvation.

As I instruct middle school students at our church, I drive home nearly every week two particular points about Lutheran doctrine: First, that man is saved "by grace alone, through faith alone, because of Jesus alone," and second, that God has promised to deliver His grace to humans through the means of the Word (Bible), Baptism, and the Lord's Supper.

Lutheran Baptismal theology relies heavily on verses like Titus 3:5-8, 1 Peter 3:20-22, and Romans 6:3-5. Lutherans believe that Baptism saves because it delivers Christ. That is, Baptism takes the grace of God earned by Jesus at the cross and applies that grace to the individual.

It is important to keep in mind at this point another idea unique to Lutheran theology. That is that in the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper God is giving to us and acting for us, not we to/for Him. They are seen as completely directed from heaven down to earth and never directed from earth up to heaven. God is active and man is passive. Baptism is not even seen in Lutheranism as an act done by the pastor, because Lutheranism views pastors as agents who act in the place and at the command of Christ when they administer the sacraments.

As a result, Baptism is not seen as added to Christ, because it is not seen as an act of man. Likewise, it is not seen as apart from Christ, for Christ is the very one who is acting through it (along with the Father and the Holy Spirit). Baptism is neither apart from nor in addition to Christ for a Lutheran, because baptism applies and delivers Christ.

Those who do not baptize children often raise questions at this point about how a Lutheran explains the baptized child who ages to be a pagan or atheist adult or other similar scenarios. Lutheranism would never propose that the adult who rejects Christ would be saved because of their having been Baptized. For a Lutheran, it is not contradictory to say that a baptized child is saved at one point, then rejects his Baptism and his Lord later in life, resulting in the loss of salvation as long as he does not repent.

Lutheranism gives all credit to God and no credit to man in the accomplishing of salvation, and its sacramental theology, particularly that regarding Baptism, reflects this.